Determination of the child’s residence place

As you could see from our previous publications, the issue of divorce may be solved “peacefully” or “in conflict”. The fact that these issues are closely interrelated and any divorce always implies the determination of the child’s residence.

When determining the child’s residence place parents have equal rights – they have the same guarantees for upbringing and communication. The place of residence of their son or daughter is determined by agreement of both parents. The opinion of the child, in this case, is taken into account only since the age of 10. A 14-year-old person is entitled to decide independently with whom he/she wants to live.

Anyway, it is impossible to deal without third-party – court, notary or guardianship authority.

Notary. Before or after marriage the couple may conclude a prenuptial agreement (marriage contract), which will provide their mutual rights and obligations, including the provisions of their children’s residence place in case of divorce, and parental role in the upbringing and material support. If you don’t want to conclude the prenuptial agreement it is possible to conclude a separate contract that would deal strictly with “separation” of children. Both contracts must be notarized.

Pluses:

– Written fixation of all deals;

– Avoid taking a matter to court in the future.

Minuses:

  • notary costs.

Guardianship authority. This body participates in case if during the divorce the issue of children’s residence did not raise. As a rule, the judgment always says, “There is no dispute concerning children between parties”. However, the practice demonstrates that very often the dispute does appear in the nearest future. In this case, it is worth applying to the local guardianship authority. Their commission will hold the hearing and make a decision concerning the best place of residence for a child. The decision has a binding force for both parents.

Pluses:

– free of charge;

– relatively quickly (when making comparison with courts).

Minuses:

– it may be not the end,  as nobody can forbid one of parents to suit.

Court. We have already mentioned a couple cannot avoid court if they have children. There are two ways to solve the issue – a quick and along.

QUICK WAY: submitting of joint application for divorce by spouses + adding of notarized contract (see above) = the dispute is settled quickly and everyone is satisfied.

LONG WAY: there is a conflict and dispute between parents, the joint application is impossible.

In such cases, the guardianship authority is an obligatory participant.

The judgment depends on many factors, both subjective and objective. For example, age and sex of a child, child’s attitude towards parents, financial abilities of mother and father, etc. As a rule, children are 99,9% left with their mother.

Pluses:

– additional guarantee for the parent who wins the case. There is a criminal responsibility for non-enforcement of a court judgment.

Minuses:

– time-consuming;

– the expensiveness of the procedure.

Our lawyers are always ready to help you with the determination of the child’s residence place. Contact us and we will give you exhaustive legal advice.

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A new law on virtual assets: the picture is formed, but without details. On September 8, 2021, the Verkhovna Rada has finally adopted the long-awaited law "On Virtual Assets", which clarified many ambiguous points. This is especially true for the status of cryptocurrency and the rules of its circulation in the country. Let`s take a closer look at novelties. An ambiguous term Let's start with what the legislator actually means by "virtual assets". There are the following features:  they are an intangible good (cannot be represented on tangible media)  fall under the list of objects of civil rights (that is, they can be owned and be disposed of)  represent an electronic form of a set of data (essentially, they are blocks of information put in order);  the existence and circulation of assets are due to software tools (specific electronic environment). From these features we can draw the following conclusion: virtual assets are not limited to cryptocurrency. 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20/01/2022

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