The direction of construction is one of the oldest. Since ancient times, we have known the facts of the construction of various buildings and structures. Some of them have survived centuries and millennia and have survived to this day.

In fact, it is a great value to be able to see with your own eyes something that was built a long time ago and without special equipment, programming and knowledge.

The field of construction throughout its long period of development and operation was subject to legal regulation. Initially, these were the norms of customary law, and later the legal provisions known to us.

At the same time, this industry is one of the most interesting and complex. Here, in addition to legal aspects, land, engineering-architectural, socio-economic and other knowledge and rules are closely intertwined with them.

In our time of total urbanization, the legal regulation of obtaining building permits and their commissioning has become quite acute.

And here we are talking not only about compliance with the letter of the law and state building regulations. The situation is much deeper – namely, in the regulation of chaos, styles of buildings, engineering networks (which remain unreconstructed for years) and transport junctions.

Agree that modern high-rise buildings stand out quite strangely and not too aesthetically among the historical area of ​​the city in the middle of three-story Austrian authentic buildings.

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Therefore, it is important to follow all established rules and regulations during construction. Let’s consider what is the first and main thing when intending to build a multi-story building, which according to the class of consequences belongs to SS2.

  1. Earth.

When choosing a plot of land for development, it is necessary to conduct a full legal examination of it. The so-called “Due Diligence of the land plot”, which will reveal all the risks, will give an estimate of the value of such an object for the next acquisition or investment in such a project.

In addition, the main purpose here is the purpose of the land, in order to be able to build the desired construction object in view of the existing master plan, zoning, detailed plan and other urban planning documentation.

Do not forget about the proper registration of land rights (conclusion of a sales contract or superficiation contract).

  1. Urban planning conditions and restrictions.

They represent a set of planning and architectural requirements for design and construction. M&O include data on the type of construction, basic information about the customer, whether the purpose and functional purpose of the land plot corresponds to the urban planning documentation at the local level; maximum permissible height (in meters), building density, minimum distances from the planned object to red lines, building regulation lines, buildings and structures located on adjacent land plots, protected zones of transport, communication, engineering communications and networks , as well as regarding the improvement of the land plot, its landscaping.

They are provided by the authorized bodies of urban planning and architecture on the basis of urban planning documentation and are approved by the decision of the executive committee of the relevant local self-government body.

  1. Specifications.

They are very important, because they determine the set of conditions and requirements for the engineering support of the construction object, which must correspond to its calculated dimensions for water supply and drainage, heat, electricity and gas supply, outdoor lighting, storm water drainage and telecommunications.

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To obtain such conditions, it is necessary to contact the local services that are responsible for providing such services.

The points discussed above are the initial data. After receiving them, you need to develop a design task and contact the project organization for the development and production of the project.

  1. Project documentation.

It is a complex of approved textual and graphic materials that determine urban planning, spatial planning, architectural, constructive, technical, technological solutions, as well as estimates of construction objects. It is developed by companies whose staff includes persons with the appropriate qualification certificate.

  1. Expertise of the project.

The project documentation must also undergo examination. The expert report (with appendices) confirms that the documentation was developed in compliance with the requirements of urban planning legislation.

  1. Conclusion of the contract with the general contractor.

It must be a company that has a license to carry out construction work, obtained in accordance with the procedure established by law.

  1. Conclusion of contracts, orders for author’s and technical supervision.

Such contracts are concluded with companies or individual entrepreneurs who must also have a confirming qualification certificate.

After receiving all these documents, you can apply for a construction permit.

In our next articles, we will focus on each of these points in more detail.

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